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George Town Malaysia: Factory buses causing noise, complain residents

Factory buses causing noise, complain residents

GEORGE TOWN: Residents in the Relau neighbourhood in Paya Terubong, Penang, are upset over the noise pollution caused by factory buses.

They said this problem had been going on for more than 10 years with the authorities not taking any remedial measures.

Relau is a mixed neighbourhood, where low-cost flats exist together with expensive properties.

The problem began when some of these low-cost flats were turned into hostels for foreigners working in factories in the Bayan Lepas Free Industrial Zone.

Factory buses often enter the neighbourhood to pick and drop these workers.

At a press conference today at the Sierra East condominium, the Penang Relau Residents Association said the driving habits of these bus drivers also endangered the lives of residents.

“The roads in the neighbourhood are narrow and these buses are too big.

“Some of our residents have experienced close calls with these buses almost hitting their cars at T- junctions,” said Keane Ng, representative of the Penang Relau Residents Association who chaired the session.

He said there was noise pollution when the bus drivers started to park their buses along the roads.

“They start their engines as early at 4am,” said Ng.

He said the parked buses caused traffic congestion.

Ng said the noise pollution and the hostels for foreign workers had led to a depreciation in the value of their properties.

Ng called on the Association of Companies in Penang Industrial Zone (Frepenca) to resolve the problem by designating special parking depots for the buses that are located far from their neighbourhood.

factory buses cause noise nuisance george town malaysia

He said Paya Terubong assemblyman Yeoh Soon Hin had promised to find a solution to their woes by introducing road bumps and height gantries.

“We have also raised this matter with chief minister Chow Kon Yeow.”

Back in 2018, The Star reported that the Penang state government had identified two sites in Bayan Lepas as factory bus depots.

Earlier in February, factory bus operators said the lack of such depots had forced them to park in residential areas.

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Environment Uncategorized

Noise complaints lead to drug bust in Thailand

You can make some noise, or you can break some laws, but you should avoid doing both. After neighbours complained of a Pathum Thani condo in a luxury building making excessive noise, police checked it out and uncovered a drug-dealing operation. The investigation led to several arrests.

The Department Of Provincial Administration joined the district chief of Klong Luang in Pathum Thani to investigate the noise complaint and ended up setting up a sting operation that culminated in a drug bust instead of just a noise violation.

noise complaints lead to drug bust Thailand
noise complaints lead to drug bust Thailand

The sting offered a low-level drug deal of just 500 baht and ensnared a 26-year-old Thai man and a 24-year-old Thai man who was a fourth-year university student. The Pathum Thani bust recovered the 500 baht from the drug deal as well as 2 full marijuana plants and imported heads for growing, weighing just over 46 grams. Other paraphernalia and evidence was seized too.

The raid was a small one, but police leveraged the young dealers to try to climb up the supply chain for a more significant bust. The 2 small-time dealers rolled over on another location in Pathum Thani just a few kilometres where police encountered 4 people doing drugs.

Police found and seized 514 grams of compressed marijuana on the premise in the second bust. They also made 2 more arrests related to the case including following the trail from the busts to locate and arrest a drug runner who was stopped in the middle of a delivery. He had 182 grams of marijuana on him.

The man claimed that he had no idea that the parcels he was delivering contained illegal drugs, saying that a woman who looked like a normal vendor told him he was just delivering cakes, for which he was paid a mere 280 baht.

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Regulations, guidelines, and standards regarding environmental noise in Indonesia

With all the development, industrial activities and community activities in Indonesia, noise has become one of the problems that arises in some places in Indonesia. Indonesia already has some regulations, guidelines, and standards to safeguard the noise levels. This is important mainly to support a healthy environment for the people, and also to improve budgeting certainty of projects that will produce noise during their operations.

The following are the regulations, standards and guidelines related with environmental noise in Indonesia.

Environmental Noise Regulations

Regulations regarding environmental noise generally can be categorized into two types which are emission regulation and immission regulation. Emission regulations regulate how much noise can a noise source produces noise, while immission regulation regulates how much noise can a receiver or area receives noise.

Examples of noise emission regulations in Indonesia are:

  • Decree of Minister of Environment and Forestry No. 56 year 2019 (P.56/MENLHK/SETJEN/KUM.1/10/2019) regarding noise limits of new types of motorized vehicles and in production M category, N category, and L category.
  • Decree of Minister of Transportation of Republic of Indonesia No. PM 62, year 2021 regarding civil aviation safety section 36 regarding noise standard dan type certification and aircraft airworthiness

The two ministerial decrees above regulate how much noise can be produced by vehicles that are used on road and aircraft that can operate within Indonesian territory.

The regulation that regulates environmental noise level at the receiver is:

  • Decree of Minister of Environment No. 48 year 1996 about noise level limits

 

The decree states the noise limits that are allowed for the receiver according to its function – for example for residential area, the noise limit is 55 dBA and for industrial area 70 dBA. More details on the following link: https://www.konsultasi-akustik.com/en/environmental-noise-measurement/

 

Beside the regulations above, there are other requirement such as one written on Government Regulation (PP) No. 36 year 2005 regarding implementation rules of the Law No. 28 year 2002 regarding buildings. One of the points require noise reduction means for toll roads in residential area or existing city centers.

 

Guidelines regarding Environmental Noise

 

Beside the regulation, there are some technical guidelines that are written by Ministry of Public Works as follows:

  • Technical guidelines Ditjen Bina Marga No. 36 year 1999: Noise barrier planning guidelines
    In these guidelines, criteria to categorize area as safe, moderate and high risk are given. Moreover, the guidelines also state measurement techniques for measurement beside road and common type, shape and material of noise barriers.
  • Construction and building guidelines Pd T-10-2004-B: Road traffic noise prediction.

These guidelines adopt calculations from Calculation of Road Traffic Noise (CoRTN, UK, 1998) which contain noise calculation method based on traffic volume and speed. There are also corrections for heavy vehicle percentage, speed, gradient and road surface. From this calculation, propagation to receiver can be calculated considering distance, screening, reflection and angle of view.

  • Construction and building guidelines Pd T-16-2005-B: Mitigation of road traffic noise

The guidelines lay out methods to mitigate noise from traffic which is based on measurement (which are written on Permen LH No. 48 year 1996 and guidelines No.36 year 1999 above) and can also be based on predictions (Following construction and building guidelines Pd T-10-2004-B)

 

Environmental Noise Standards

 

Beside the regulations and guidelines, there are Indonesian National Standard (SNI) document that are written by National Standardization Body (BSN) that are related to environmental noise:

  • SNI 19-6878-2002 – Road traffic noise test L10 and Leq
    This standard contains test method which state testing procedure and data processing steps to calculate LA to L10 and Leq
  • SNI 8427:2017 – Pengukuran tingkat kebisingan lingkungan
    This standard contains measurement method that is similar to Kepmen LH No.48 year 1996 which is to measure noise samples for 10 minutes across 24 hours period. Noise levels then can be calculated based on its time slice which are Ls (daytime noise), Lm (nighttime noise), and Lsm (day-night noise, with 5 dB penalty for nighttime).